What Is Neurofeedback Therapy?

Neurofeedback Therapy (NFB) is a form of cognitive behavioral therapy that helps patients regulate their brain waves. It’s also used to treat a variety of other disorders, including anxiety and depression.

In this treatment, electrodes are placed on the patient’s scalp to monitor their brainwave activity in real-time. The provider will then use a computer program to direct the client’s brainwaves toward more desirable and controlled patterns through visual and audio cues.

The practitioner can set goals for the session, such as reducing excess fast beta waves or increasing alpha waves, which are associated with calmness and relaxation. Throughout the session, the provider will monitor the client’s progress and make changes to the program if necessary.

There are several types of neurofeedback, each targeting different regions of the brain. Some are more common than others, depending on the condition being treated.

Frequency/power neurofeedback uses 2 to 4 electrodes to change the Neurofeedback Therapy speed of certain brain waves in particular areas of the brain to treat ADHD, insomnia, anxiety, and depression. It can also help improve the direction of slow cortical potentials (SCP-NF) to treat epilepsy and migraines.

Low-energy neurofeedback system (LENS) is a type of neurofeedback that uses really low electromagnetic signals to change the patient’s brainwaves while they’re motionless with their eyes closed. This technique has been used to help patients with traumatic brain injury, insomnia, fibromyalgia, restless legs syndrome, anxiety, depression, and anger.

The practitioner may then watch the patient’s brainwaves on a screen while the client listens to music or watches graphics. As the patient’s brainwaves change, they will get immediate feedback from the neurofeedback program to reinforce their improvement.

This treatment can also be used to treat addictions, including alcoholism and cocaine abuse. Studies have shown that the reduction in abnormal electrical activity can decrease cravings for these substances.

It’s important to note that this treatment is not a cure and should only be used as part of an overall mental health strategy, along with other treatments. It may not be suitable for people with pre-existing neurological conditions, such as seizures or traumatic brain injury.

Those who are interested in NFB should disclose their full medical history to the provider, including any existing medications they are taking or other conditions they have. This will ensure that the patient doesn’t have any adverse reactions to the treatment.

NFB is typically a paid service, but some insurance companies cover it. In addition, there are sometimes scholarships or sliding scale options available.

The most popular type of neurofeedback is frequency/power neurofeedback, which uses electrodes to change the speed of certain brainwaves in certain locations. This can treat ADHD, insomnia, fibromyalgia, depression, anxiety, and anger.

Another type of neurofeedback is called beta training, which simulates increased beta waves in the brain to help reduce stress and anxiety. It is also used to help people with reading, school performance, and sleep problems.

Other types of neurofeedback include hemoencephalographic (HEG) neurofeedback, which is used to treat migraines. It can also be used to treat PTSD and other anxiety disorders. It can also be used to treat children with autism, who often have developmental delays that affect their brain development.

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